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Depositordc.contributorCulbertson, Jennifer
Funderdc.contributor.otherSelf-fundeden_UK
Data Creatordc.creatorCulbertson, Jennifer
Data Creatordc.creatorAdger, David
Date Accessioneddc.date.accessioned2017-08-23T11:06:06Z
Date Availabledc.date.available2017-08-23T11:06:06Z
Citationdc.identifier.citationCulbertson, Jennifer; Adger, David. (2017). Data from "Language learners privilege structured meaning over surface frequency", [dataset]. University of Edinburgh. School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences. https://doi.org/10.7488/ds/2120.en
Persistent Identifierdc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10283/2796
Persistent Identifierdc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.7488/ds/2120
Dataset Description (abstract)dc.description.abstractAlthough it is widely agreed that learning the syntax of natural languages involves acquiring structure-dependent rules, recent work on acquisition has nevertheless attempted to characterize the outcome of learning primarily in terms of statistical generalizations about surface distributional information. In this paper we investigate whether surface statistical knowledge or structural knowledge of English is used to infer properties of a novel language under conditions of impoverished input. We expose learners to artificial-language patterns that are equally consistent with two possible underlying grammars—one more similar to English in terms of the linear ordering of words, the other more similar on abstract structural grounds. We show that learners’ grammatical inferences overwhelmingly favor structural similarity over preservation of superficial order. Importantly, the relevant shared structure can be characterized in terms of a universal preference for isomorphism in the mapping from meanings to utterances. Whereas previous empirical support for this universal has been based entirely on data from cross-linguistic language samples, our results suggest it may reflect a deep property of the human cognitive system—a property that, together with other structure-sensitive principles, constrains the acquisition of linguistic knowledge.en_UK
Languagedc.language.isoengen_UK
Publisherdc.publisherUniversity of Edinburgh. School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciencesen_UK
Relation (Is Referenced By)dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1320525111en_UK
Rightsdc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public Licenseen
Subjectdc.subjectartificial language learningen_UK
Subjectdc.subjecttypologyen_UK
Subjectdc.subjectsyntaxen_UK
Subjectdc.subjectword orderen_UK
Subject Classificationdc.subject.classificationLinguistics Classics and related subjectsen_UK
Titledc.titleData from "Language learners privilege structured meaning over surface frequency"en_UK
Typedc.typedataseten_UK

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